The formation of air conditioning

Mahmoud El Taweel | 2 months ago


Many ask about the origins of air-conditioning, its inventor and its development stages; Follow the answers to these questions and more. Read the article: -

Inventor:

 He is engineer Willis Haveland Carrier

November 26, 1876 - October 7, 1950.

He is an engineer and inventor, and he is known as the man who shortened modern air conditioning and needed the invention until Carrier did this in experiments in inventing air conditioning by controlling humidity to solve a specific problem at a printing factory in New York City, USA.

Carrier developed a method for measuring the capacity of heating systems, and was appointed director of the company's testing engineering division. At age 25, he invented his first important invention, a temperature and humidity control system at Sackett-Wilhelms Printing and Publishing Company in Brooklyn. The company was unable to print a color well at the time due to the influence of heat and humidity on paper and ink. Carrier received in 1906 a patent for this method. He continued to work in other cooling areas. Carrier used the mechanical cooling laws to complete his project, as Carrier's cooling system was based on sending air through a series of tubes filled with cold water, and in this way he can cool the transported air, in addition to removing moisture from the room and controlling its percentage. After a period of time, in 1933 AD, the Carrier Air Conditioning Company developed a new air conditioner using the air-conditioning units driven by the belts connected to the air pushers, in addition to a series of evaporation tubes, and some mechanical elements. This air conditioner has been included in the American market within the air-conditioning systems.


 

The working principle of the air conditioner The cooling system contains three main components and components: air compressor or piston, condenser, and a series of evaporation tubes. To complete the cooling process, air conditioners use a chemical called a coolant to transfer the heat of the inner environment to theoutside air.



The three elements of the conditioner convert the chemical from the gas state to the liquid state, and return it to where it was again.

 


The conditioning or refrigeration cycle begins when the refrigerant reaches the compressor (as a cold low pressure gas. After the compressor compresses the refrigerant, to collect the particles of the refrigerant together, which leads to an increase in temperature. The refrigerant is transferred to the condenser as a hot gas, and after its entry For the condensate, the gas loses its heat. Then comes the role of the fan connected to the outer body of the conditioner, where it pulls the outside air and enters it through the hot coil. After the air passes through the coils, it loses its heat and thus the coolant cools inside the coil. The first device was designed to control moisture and temperature. In the year 1902 ADIn 1915, he co-founded the Carrier Engineering Company, which later became the largest HVAC production company in the world. In 1979, United Technologies purchased Carrier Air Conditioning Equipment

 

The air conditioning process is a process of treating the air, that is, cooling the air and maintaining moisture, in addition to getting rid of the unusable air and adding fresh fresh air, thanks to the invention of the air conditioner to the inventor Willis Carrier in 1902, an American engineer who invented The first device of modern air conditioner, however, the idea of ​​using evaporated water or other liquids to cool a large wet and hot area precedes the invention of Carrier by thousands of years, since the ancient Egyptians passed through the stages and the periods that followed, and below we track together the stages of the invention of the air conditioner through the ages.

 

During the economic depression of 1930, residential and commercial use of the air conditioner. The polar hut that Carreere presented at the World's Fair in 1939 gave an idea of ​​the future of air conditioning, but before it became popular, World War II began.

 

Carrier moved his company to New York in 1930, and his company became one of the largest employers in the heart of New York. In 1930, he started his business in South Korea and in Japan with the opening of Toyo Carrier and Samsung Applications. South Korea is now the largest air conditioner market in the world. This company has been a pioneer in the field of cooling large areas. Air conditioning was a revolution in American life, especially after increasing industrial production in the summer months. The introduction of residential air conditioning in the 1920's helped initiate a major migration to the regions